Chinese medicine name fennel xiaohuixiang
[alias] fennel, earth fennel, wild fennel.
[English name] Foeniculi Fructus.
[Source] The fruit of the umbelliferous plant Fennel Forniculum vulgare Mill.
[Plant morphology] Perennial herb, the whole plant is hairless and has a strong aroma. Stems erect, with shallow longitudinal grooves, upper branches. Leaves stalk, ovoid to broadly triangular, up to 30 cm long, 40 cm wide, 3- to 4-pinately divided, dark green, terminally lobate linear to filamentous, sessate sessate sessate Some or all of the petiole is sheathed. The umbels are terminal or lateral, with large inflorescences up to 15 cm in diam., without total sputum and bracteoles, yellow flowers, petals 5, obovate, apex inverted, stamens 5, pistils 1 , sub-room lower position. Double-suspended fruit ovate-oblong, smooth, laterally flat, 3.5 to 6 mm long, 1.5 to 2.5 mm wide. There are 5 raised longitudinal edges in the fruit, and there are oil pipes 1 in each groove and 2 in the joint surface.
[harvesting and processing] When the fruit is first ripened in autumn, the plants are harvested, dried, and the fruits are removed to remove impurities. Salt cumin: Take the cumin and simmer until the surface is dark yellow with a scorching odor. Spray it with salt water and bake it. Or mix with cumin and brine, slightly stuffy, stir fry in a wok until slightly yellow, remove and dry (1.5 kg of cumin, 1.5 kg of salt).
[medicinal properties] double hanging fruit is thin cylindrical, sometimes slightly curved, 4 to 8 mm long, 1.5 to 2.5 mm in diameter, yellow-green or light yellow on the surface, slightly pointed at both ends, yellow-brown style residue at the top, sometimes at the base With a small fruit stem, 0.4 to 1 cm long, the fruit is long oval, with 5 raised ridges, the flat surface is flat and wide, and the cross section is slightly pentagon. It has a specific aroma and is slightly sweet and spicy.
[Taste of taste] is warm, spicy. Go to the liver, spleen, stomach, kidney.