Linum (Linum usitatissimum L.) is also known as flax, annual herb, flax family flax. Because it originated from the Mediterranean, it was brought into the Central Plains by the Western "Hu people." Flaxseed or Linseed, also known as flax seed, is the seed of the flax family flax and one of the top ten oils in the world. The planting areas of flax in China are mainly distributed in Gansu, Shaanxi, Hebei, Inner Mongolia, Shanxi, Ningxia, Qinghai, Xinjiang, Heilongjiang, Yunnan and Guangxi. Statistics from the National Bureau of Statistics show that in 2016, China's flaxseed sown area was 282.40 thousand hectares, and flaxseed production was 40.30 million tons, accounting for about 16% of global production in that year.
Flaxseed contains about 40% crude fat, about 20% crude protein, and about 10% linseed gum. At present, flaxseed is mainly used to produce linseed oil, and flaxseed gum is produced from flaxseed or flaxseed hulls. The flaxseed cake obtained by degreasing is mainly used as livestock feed.
Flaxseed has a high content of cellulose. It contains a water-soluble, gel-forming cellulose that promotes the health of the digestive system and helps prevent the appearance of discomfort such as bloating and constipation. This very important cellulose also maintains healthy cholesterol levels in the body, and studies have confirmed that cellulose in flaxseed can reduce the ratio of bad and good cholesterol. Just two tablespoons of ground flaxseed can provide you with 15% of the daily dietary fiber.
Superior antioxidant capacity
The DNA in human cells is vulnerable to free radicals, leading to the emergence of various diseases. At this time, antioxidants are needed to help us protect our bodies. Flaxseed is rich in polyphenols, especially lignans, which are seven times more abundant in flaxseed than sesame in the second place. Lignans and linolenic acid reduce the risk of certain diseases, such as inflammatory Parkinson's disease and asthma, by helping to prevent the release of certain pro-inflammatory agents. Studies in animals and humans have found that lignans reduce the levels of pro-inflammatory agents. In arteries that reduce plaque build-up associated with inflammation, flaxseed helps prevent heart attacks and strokes.
Rich alpha-linolenic acid
Flaxseed is rich in omega-3 fatty acids, the most important of which is alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), which can be converted into other omega-3 fatty acids in the human body, which also makes flaxseed to the heart, brain and nerves. The health of the system is very beneficial and has an anti-inflammatory effect.