Artichoke (pinyin: yang jì. Scientific name: Cynara scolymus, English Artichoke, meaning: Carciofo), also known as food, vegetable, artichoke, French artichoke, globe artichoke, It is a genus of the genus Compositae growing on the Mediterranean coast. Its buds can be used to cook vegetables, which were originally introduced through Italian cuisine.
It belongs to the Compositae dicotyledon family, perennial dicotyledonous herbaceous vegetable plants. When eaten, the artichoke tastes between fresh bamboo shoots and mushrooms. It has the effect of relieving thirst and hangover. It is rich in nutrients, healthy and healthy, and has high food value. It has the reputation of “the king of vegetables”. Acacia flowers are known as French lilies, Jerusalem artichokes, rapeseeds, and lotus lilies. They are perennial herbs of the genus Compositae. Originating in the Mediterranean coast of Europe, the Romans began to eat as early as 2,000 years ago. Currently, there are more plants in Europe and the United States, and the most plants in France. In the 19th century, it was introduced to Shanghai by China and has a small amount of artificial cultivation in Shanghai, Zhejiang, Hunan, Beijing, and Yunnan. Over the years, Western Europe, the United States and other developed countries and regions have increased their consumption and imports of artichokes. Canned products are in short supply in the international market. In order to meet the needs of the international market, Taiwan Province of China has a large area of cultivation, and its products are mainly used for foreign exchange through exports.
The root system is developed. The adult plant height is about 1.2m. The pinnately lobed leaves are large and thick, densely velvety, multi-branched, and the branches and buds of the main buds are the largest in the period from June to July. Generally, each plant has 3-8 flower buds, which are purple-green. About 40% of the inner layer is tender, and the edible part of a flower bud is about 15-50g. The seeds are like wheat, flat oval, white, and about 1000g. . The growth habit is like a cool climate, like moist, can withstand short-term light cream, and is not resistant to dry heat. Like to loosen well-drained loam or clay loam. The aerial part of the artichokes is dried after the flower blooms every year. In the spring of the next year, new seedlings are sprouted, and the rosette-like basal leaves are grown. The leaves are up to 1 meter long (more than 3 feet), deep cracked and have fluff. It then sends a strong, branched flower stem with a light purple color. Generally, the yields of 2 and 3 years are higher. After 4 to 8 years, the rosette leaves are huddled together, the inflorescences become smaller, and the quality is also reduced. Therefore, most of the artificial plantings are propagated and renewed after 4 years. It is required to have plenty of sunshine, especially when pumping flowers. When the weather is fine, the stems and buds are thick and thick.