Cordyceps sinensis is mainly produced on the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau, also referred to as "Chongcao". Cordyceps is a complex of larvae fungus Cordyceps sinensis parasitic on the larvae of bat moth insects and larvae. The main active ingredients are cordycepin, cordycepic acid, cordyceps polysaccharides, etc., which are beneficial to the body and have the function of regulating immune system. , anti-fatigue and other effects.
The fungus (C. elegans) of the ergot family and the larvae of the bat moth are formed under the special conditions, and the head of the larvae is solitary, solitary and slender as a baseball bat, which is 4 to 11 cm long. Cordyceps sinensis is a strange thing that combines insects and grasses. In winter, it is a worm. In summer, grass grows from worms. The worm is a larva of the worm moth, which is a cordyceps fungus.
Among them, the completely wild Cordyceps sinensis is divided into Qinghai grass, Tibetan grass, Chuancao, Valerian, Gansu grass, stove grass, and shrub.
[Main components] Cordycepic acid, cordycepin, amino acids, sterols, mannitol, alkaloids, vitamins B1, B2, polysaccharides and minerals.
[Source] This product is a complex of the larvae of the larvae of the larvae of the larvae of the genus Cordyceps sinensis (Berk.) Sacc. Excavated in the early Xia Zizi, spores are not diverged, sun-dried to six or seven percent dry, remove fibrous attachments and impurities, dried or dried at low temperature.
[Plant morphology] The subfamily of Cordyceps sinensis is from the head of the host larvae, solitary, slender as a baseball stick, 4 to 11 cm long; 3 to 8 cm infertile stalks, 1.5 to 4 mm in diameter; The head of the sub-seat is slightly enlarged and cylindrical. It is 1.5 to 4 cm long and brown. Except for the apex of the apex, most of the sub-capsules are densely formed. The sacs are mostly trapped in the sub-seat, and the apex protrudes from the sub-seat. Shape or elliptical, 250-500 micrometers in length, 80-200 micrometers in diameter, each of the sub-capsules has a plurality of long linear-shaped ascosons; each of the ascosons has eight ascospores with a septum.
The host is a larva of insects such as Lepidoptera and Coleoptera. In winter, the hyphae invade the larvae that live in the soil, and the worms are filled with hyphae and die. Growing up in summer
[Acquisition] Before and after the summer solstice, when the snow has not melted, it will be collected in the mountains. At this time, the sub-seat is exposed to the snow surface. When the snow is too late, the snow melts, the weeds grow, it is not easy to find, and the insects in the soil are withered, not medicinal. . After digging, when the worm body is wet and dry, the outer layer of soil and membrane skin are removed and dried. Or use the yellow wine spray to make it soft, straighten out, every 7 to 8 with a red line tied into a small handle; use a slight fire to dry.
[medicine] Cordyceps sinensis is a worm body connected to the fungus, with a total length of 9 to 12 cm. The worm body is like the old silkworm, which is about 3 to 6 cm long and about 0.4 to 0.7 cm thick. The appearance is dark yellow, rough, with many transverse wrinkles on the back, and there are 8 pairs on the ventral surface. The 4 pairs in the middle of the worm are clearly visible. The inside of the section is full, white, slightly yellow, and the periphery is dark yellow. The bacterium is born from the head of the worm, and it is rod-shaped, curved, and slightly enlarged at the upper part. The surface is taupe or dark brown, up to 4 to 8 cm long and 0.3 cm in diameter. When broken, the heart is empty and pink. Slightly odorous and mild. It is better to use the yellow color of the worm body, the plumpness of the body, the yellow-white section, and the short space of the bacterium.
[chemical composition] water content 10.84%, fat 8.4%, crude protein 25.32%, crude fiber 18.53%, carbohydrate 28.90%, ash 4.10%. The fat contains 13.00% of saturated fatty acids and 82.2% of unsaturated fatty acids. In addition, it contains about 7% of cordycepic acid and is an isomer of quinic acid. It also contains Cordyceps, a light yellow crystalline powder that inhibits the growth of Streptococcus, Bacillus sinensis, Bacillus anthracis, Porcine Hemorrhagic Septicemia and Staphylococcus in vitro. Also contains vitamin B12 0.29 μg/100 g.