The plant extract industry has been developed in the last 20 years and is an emerging industry between the pharmaceutical, fine chemical and agricultural industries.
Since April 1, 2005, the Ministry of Commerce has implemented six recommended foreign trade and economic industry standards. The six criteria are: "St. John's Wort Extract", "Angelica Extract", "Essence Extract", "Red Trifolium Extract", "Herb Extract" and "Medicinal Plants and Preparations Foreign Trade Green Industry Standard". The Ministry of Commerce has implemented six recommended foreign trade and economic industry standards as a breakthrough, and selected a large amount of plant extracts to develop foreign trade standards.
Alkaloids are a complex class of nitrogen-containing organic compounds with special physiological activities and medical effects.
For example, ephedrine contains ephedrine for the treatment of asthma, and sputum containing sputum and analgesic effects.
Glycosides are composed of a combination of sugars and non-sugar substances. The commonality of glycosides is in the sugar part. Different types of aglycones have different physiological activities and have many functions. For example, the heart of the yellow leaf contains cardiotonic glycosides, and the ginseng contains ginsenosides such as qi, Shengjin and soothe the nerves.
Volatile oil, also known as essential oil, is an oily liquid with aroma and volatility. It is a mixture of various compounds. It has physiological activity and has many functions in medical treatment, such as cough, asthma, sweating, table dissolving, phlegm, Drive the wind, analgesic, antibacterial and so on. The medicinal plants are rich in volatile oils such as arborvitae, Magnolia, Magnolia, Eucalyptus, Cinnamon Wusong, Angelica, Chuanxiong, Angelica, and Mint.
Other ingredients such as sugars, amino acids, proteins, enzymes, organic acids, oils, waxes, resins, pigments, inorganic substances, etc., each have special physiological functions, many of which are clinically important drugs.