Spirulina Extract Powder Spirulina platensis Protein
● Product description:
● Product name : Phycocyanin Powder
● Extract from : Spirulina
● Active Ingredient : Protein
● Specification : 60%
● Appearance : Dark Blue-green powder
Soluble in Water
Spirulina is a microscopic blue-green algae in the shape of a perfect spiral coil living both in sea and fresh water.There are two species of Spirulina , Arthrospira platensis and Arthrospira maxima that can be consumed by humans and other animals.
Spirulina contains an unusually high amount of protein, between 55% and 77% by dry weight. It is a complete protein, containing all essential amino acids . Spirulina is rich in Essential fatty acids, variety of Vitamins, and also a good source of Minerals. Besides, Spirulina contains many pigments.It used as a dietary supplement as well as a whole food; and is also available in tablet, flake and powder form. It is also used as a feed supplement in the aquaculture, aquarium and poultry industries.
Spirulina is chlorella, chlorophyta, a kind of single-cell green and freshwater algae, which will borns in the tropical, temperate freshwater and seawater. Spirulina is very widespread, the main production place in the Southeast Asian region.
Spirulina is a type of blue-green algae that is rich in protein, vitamins, minerals, and carotenoids (a type of antioxidant that can help protect cells from damage). Spirulina contains nutrients, including B complex vitamins, beta-carotene, vitamin E, manganese, zinc, copper, iron, selenium, and gamma linolenic acid (an essential fatty acid).
Spirulina is composed of approximately 65% crude protein, high levels of B-complex vitamins, vitamin E, beta-carotene and zeaxanthin. The protein content includes 22 essential amino acids and the total protein is nutritionally superior to legume protein, but inferior to meat protein.
Allergic rhinitis and asthma
Experimental data have suggested that C-phycocyanin can selectively inhibit release of histamine from mast cells and prevent increases in immunoglobulin E.
One in vitro study found that the sulfated polysaccharide calcium spirulan interfered with
the replication of several enveloped viruses, including herpes simplex, cytomegalovirus, mumps,measles, influenza A, and HIV-1.HIV-1 adsorption and penetration were inhibited by an aqueous extract of spirulina, while a crude hot water extract reduced HIV-1 replication.
C-phycocyanin showed a dose-dependent inhibition of HeLa and human chronic myeloid leukemia cell growth and proliferation in vitro.Doxorubicin-resistant HepG2 liver cancer cells were inhibited by spirulina Cphycocyanin through an apoptotic mechanism, 33 while water-soluble polysaccharides were implicated as the active agent against stomach cancer cells.
Two small clinical studies investigated the effects of spirulina supplementation in type 2 diabetes, with improvement noted in fasting blood sugar and lipid profiles. Suggested mechanisms of action include hypoglycemia caused by fiber content or possible insulin-stimulating action of peptides and polypeptides of spirulina proteins. The actions on lipids have been attributed to gamma linolenic acid content.
Spirulina, considered a food item for centuries in many countries, is now popularly thought of as a dietary supplement.In a study of athletic training, spirulina increased time to fatigue, decreased carbohydrate oxidation rate, and increased fat oxidation rate, leading to an
increase in exercise performance.
Experiments in rats suggest that C-phycocyanin exhibits hypercholesterolemic action.In normal volunteers, 4.5 g/day of spirulina for 6 weeks lowered blood pressure, total cholesterol, LDL, and increased HDL.
Immune system effects
Most in vitro and animal experiments have suggested immunostimulatory effects.A clinical study in healthy men found that oral administration of spirulina for 3months resulted in enhanced interferon production and natural killer (NK) cell capacity.A clinical trial in elderly patients showed positive effects on anemia and immunosenescence after 6 and 12 weeks of supplementation.The immunostimulatory effects appear to be largely mediated by spirulina polysaccharides.
Prevention of toxicity
Study showed Spirulina may prevent toxicity due to metals or organic compounds.
The spirulina protein phycocyanin in pure form was active in 4 different cell-free radical-scavenging assays; however, phycocyanin-containing selenium was more effective.
(1). Applied in food field, it contains a lot of amino acids, vitamins, minerals and other nutrients, which can help body with better health care;
(2). Applied in pharmaceutical field, there are various forms existed, such as tablets, capsules and powder, these can prevent various of diseases;
(3). Applied in cosmetic field, it is able to nourish and cure the skin.
Doses in clinical studies have ranged from 1 to 10 g/day.
None well documented.
Few reports of adverse reactions are available.However, spirulina-associated hepatotoxicity and reactions from heavy metal contamination are possible.
Spirulina is considered nontoxic to humans at usual levels of consumption; however, information is limited.